Atarax: instructions for use and what it is for, price, reviews, analogues

A drug for the treatment of neurological diseases. Eliminates feelings of fear and anxiety, has a quick effect after oral administration. In addition, it has a positive effect on the functioning of the brain, increases cognitive functions. Not suitable for self-medication and should only be prescribed by a physician.

Dosage form is produced in two forms – tablets and solution for intramuscular administration.

The tablets of the drug are white, contain 25 mg of the active ingredient – hydroxyzine hydrochloride 25 mg. Produced in a package with a blister of 25 tablets.

Atarax solution for i / m administration contains 50 or 100 mg of the active ingredient. Ampoules of 2 ml. The package contains 6 ampoules for intramuscular administration.

Description and composition

Atarax is a drug from the group of diphenylmethane derivatives, which has anxiolytic activity, has sedative, antiemetic, m-anticholinergic and antihistamine effects. Taking the medicine allows you to inhibit the activity of the subcortical zones, while not causing dependence on the intake or mental addiction. Clinical trials, observations of doctors have shown that the effect after taking the drug is observed within 20 – 30 minutes after taking it.

Atarax has the ability to improve brain function, positively affect human cognitive abilities, improve memory and concentration. Taking the medicine relieves insomnia and anxiety, relieves muscle tension. Reviews of the drug are quite good, but it is important to understand that this remedy belongs to potent drugs, therefore it can be used only on the recommendation of a doctor.

Pharmacological group

The active ingredient of the drug is hydroxyzine dihydrochloride, which is not a CNS depressant, but may have a depressing effect on some areas of the subcortical region of the brain. Atarax belongs to tranquilizers that allow you to get rid of panic conditions, psychomotor agitation, as well as itching and other neuropsychiatric disorders. The drug has an antispasmodic, analgesic effect, also relieves skin reactions, has a bronchodilating effect. The effect after taking the drug can persist for 69 hours. The drug acts on the structures of the brain, without causing addiction, does not impair memory, does not cause inhibited reactions. The drug is often prescribed for chronic alcoholism to eliminate withdrawal symptoms. The active component of the drug is rapidly absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract, penetrates into the bloodstream. The effect after taking the medicine will be noticeable in 30 minutes after taking it, but the maximum concentration in the blood plasma will be noted no earlier than 2 hours after taking the medicine. The medicine is excreted by the kidneys throughout the day.

Indications for use

The medicine Atarax has a fairly wide range of indications. It can be used by adults and children who suffer from neuropsychiatric disorders.

for adults

Among the main indications for prescribing the drug are:

  • increased anxiety;
  • psychoneurotic states;
  • eczema, dermatoses;
  • pruritus;
  • mental disorders;
  • conduct disorder
  • neurasthenia.

Indications for prescribing the drug can also be other conditions that disrupt the general well-being and behavior of a person.

for kids

For children, the drug is prescribed in a number of exceptions for congenital or acquired pathologies. The main indications include non-specific symptoms characteristic of infants, as well as strong skin reactions of the body, developmental disorders, decreased memory, concentration of attention. In pediatrics, the drug is used only in extreme cases, can only be used in a hospital setting and only in the form of a solution for injections. Pills under 12 years of age are not prescribed.

for pregnant women and during lactation

The drug is contraindicated during pregnancy. Its reception can provoke fetal death, disturbances in its development, miscarriage and other serious conditions.


The drug Atarax is not prescribed if a person has a history of the following conditions or diseases:

  • pregnancy;
  • breastfeeding;
  • porphyria;
  • allergy to the composition;

Patients with pathologies of the kidneys, liver, heart, diabetes mellitus, as well as hereditary glucose intolerance take the medicine with caution. Atarax is intended only for patients with a history of mental and nervous disorders. The medicine cannot be used for prophylaxis or without first consulting a doctor. The doctors’ comments on the drug are overwhelmingly positive, but all in the practice of many specialists there were cases of side effects after taking the drug.

Applications and doses

Atarax tablets are recommended to be taken with meals, washed down with milk. This will help eliminate irritation of the stomach lining. You can drink the medicine with water. Doses are always prescribed by a doctor. Self-medication can cause permanent damage to health.

for adults

Symptomatic therapy using the drug for adults consists of 25 – 100 mg daily dose, which is divided into 2 – 3 doses. The average dose is 50 mg, the maximum is 300 mg per day. The dose of the drug directly depends on the diagnosis, therefore it can only be prescribed by a doctor after the final diagnosis has been made.

for kids

For children, the drug can be prescribed in solution. The daily dose for children from 1 to 6 years old is 1-2.5 mg / kg of body weight. The dose of the drug is divided into 2 – 3 injections.

for pregnant women and during lactation

There are no data on the use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation in the instructions.

Side effects

Atarax can provoke a number of side reactions of the body, including:

  • hypotension;
  • visual impairment;
  • dry mouth;
  • nausea, vomiting;
  • anaphylactic shock;
  • delay in urine flow;
  • bronchospasm and choking;
  • insomnia;
  • convulsions.

Adverse reactions of the body can be dangerous to the health and life of the patient, therefore, when they appear, you need to seek medical help as soon as possible.

Interaction with other medicinal products

Atarax is not compatible with drugs that inhibit the activity of the central nervous system. It is forbidden to combine the drug with alcoholic beverages, other tranquilizers, barbiturates.

It is possible to take medication with cardiac glycosides, antihypertensive drugs and H2-receptor blockers. Do not take the drug with MAO inhibitors and anticholinergics.

Special instructions

  • For the period of taking the drug, you must exclude the use of any drinks containing ethanol.
  • The drug affects psychomotor reactions, so during this period you need to stop driving a car.
  • Take medication only as directed by your doctor.
  • Do not increase or decrease the prescribed dose of the drug.
  • If the drug was missed, it is forbidden to take a double dose of the drug.
  • For the period of treatment, the effects of stress must be excluded.


Overdose symptoms may appear with an increase in the prescribed dose of the drug. In such cases, there will be:

  • depression of the central nervous system;
  • hallucinations;
  • arrhythmia;
  • convulsions;
  • tremor.

When such symptoms appear, you need to rinse the stomach, take a sorbent drug, and seek medical help.

Storage conditions

The drug should be stored away from children and patients who suffer from mental disorders. When storing the drug, avoid contact with the sun’s rays. The drug belongs to prescription drugs. The optimum storage temperature is 25 degrees.


The analogs of Atarax include the following medicines:

  • Hydroxyzin Canon is a complete analogue of Atarax. The drug is produced in tablets that are allowed for patients over 3 years old. They are not allowed for pregnant women, women in labor and nursing.
  • Afobazol is a substitute for Atarax in the clinical and pharmacological group. On sale, the drug is in tablets that are prohibited for children, patients in position and supporting breastfeeding.
  • Lorafen is a substitute for Atarax in the therapeutic group. The drug is produced in pills and tablets, which are prohibited for pregnant and lactating women.
  • Spitomin is a tranquilizer and a substitute for Atarax in its pharmacological group. The drug is sold in tablets that cannot be prescribed to children, women in position and breastfeeding.

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