What is atrial fibrillation?

Atrial fibrillation, or atrial fibrillation , is the most common type of arrhythmia (arrhythmia) in the heart that is at risk of ischemic stroke 

Blood clots that form when a chaotic contraction of the left atrium (flicker) occurs through the carotid artery with blood flow to the brain. This is how people get a stroke.

When self-measuring blood pressure with an electronic tonometer, patients often see a pulsating heart on the monitor screen, which indicates that they have arrhythmias. But what kind of arrhythmia only a doctor can figure out.

What causes atrial fibrillation (atrial fibrillation)?

The reasons are varied, they can be:

  • hereditary predisposition
  • congenital heart disease – mitral valve,
  • coronary artery disease,
  • hypertensive heart disease,
  • myocardial infarction,
  • myocarditis,
  • pericarditis,
  • thyroid disease (hyperthyroidism),
  • adrenal gland tumor ( pheochromocytoma ),
  • intracardiac tumors,
  • metastases in the atrial wall in patients with cancer,
  • after surgery on the heart, lungs or esophagus,
  • diabetes,
  • any infectious disease
  • genetic predisposition,
  • nervous shock or stressful situation,
  • drug overdose,
  • alcohol, nicotine, caffeine, drugs,
  • intense physical activity.

What should a patient do if an arrhythmia is detected?

First of all, consult a physician or cardiologist for examination and removal of an electrocardiogram.

What is the insidiousness of atrial fibrillation (atrial fibrillation)?

Atrial fibrillation can occur and pass on its own.

It is not always possible to record this with the planned removal of an electrocardiogram, but the patient’s complaints about interruptions in the work of the heart, frequent heartbeats, discomfort in the chest should alert him and the attending physician.

To conduct an accurate diagnosis to identify episodes of atrial fibrillation, a longer electrocardiogram is required within 24-48 hours ( Holter ECG monitoring ).

If the patient is diagnosed with atrial fibrillation?

Go to the doctor urgently !!! Only a doctor will be able to calculate all the risks of complications and select individual medicines for the prevention and treatment of complications, taking into account your condition and concomitant pathology.

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