Ultrasound of the thyroid gland is an informative and safe way to diagnose an organ through echolocation . The technique is aimed at determining the size and presence of changes in the thyroid gland. Due to timely diagnostics, abnormalities and development of diseases are detected in the early stages, therefore, ultrasound of the thyroid gland is prescribed for women and children for preventive purposes.
Indications for ultrasound
Ultrasound diagnostics of the thyroid gland is recommended by the attending physicians if there are signs of metabolic disorders or other symptoms that indirectly indicate the presence of pathologies or the development of diseases:
- Reproductive dysfunction (inability to conceive, habitual miscarriages);
- Hair loss, dry skin;
- Change in body weight (development of obesity, dramatic weight loss);
- Fluctuations in blood pressure;
- Asthenic syndrome;
- Nausea not associated with digestion;
- Unstable emotional state, increased excitability, nervousness;
- Sleep disturbances, increased fatigue;
- When swallowing, a foreign body is felt;
- Menstrual irregularities;
- Visual change in body shape;
- History of endocrine system diseases.
These symptoms are characteristic not only of diseases of the endocrine system. However, if they are present, it is recommended to see a doctor. In this case, an ultrasound of the thyroid gland is used to make an accurate diagnosis and subsequent treatment.
It is recommended to undergo an examination of the thyroid gland using ultrasound for those people who live in areas with unfavorable environmental conditions. It will not be superfluous for people prone to frequent stressful conditions. A timely examination is a guarantee of the detection of pathology or the development of diseases in the early stages. After an ultrasound scan of the thyroid gland, the diagnosis is made by an endocrinologist.
Preparation for ultrasound
No preparation required.
Contraindications and restrictions
The procedure has no contraindications or restrictions.
Why Do Thyroid Ultrasound?
Diagnostics reveals the following diseases:
- Diffuse goiter (Graves’ disease) – pathology is more common in women. A goiter is formed due to the action of an immune factor, which leads to a hyperfunction of the organ. The disease manifests itself in the form of an enlargement of the organ and the manifestation of symptoms (exophthalmos, tachycardia, hand tremors, sweating, weakness);
- Cancer neoplasms – occurs against the background of massive radiation exposure. It is also observed in people living in areas with an increased background radiation. The difficulty is that oncology is asymptomatic. Pathology is manifested by thickening of the thyroid gland, voice changes, impaired swallowing, moderate pain;
- Hypothyroidism – this syndrome manifests itself in constipation, voice changes, flatulence, hair loss, hypotension, obesity, edema. With substitution therapy, the symptoms disappear;
- Hyperfunction – a deviation manifests itself against the background of inflammatory processes in the thyroid gland or the development of diffuse goiter. It is manifested by tachycardia, weakness, tremor of the hands, increased sweating, but with inflammation, the diagnosis does not reveal an increase in the organ.