Beauty for women is of great importance. Therefore, if some defects appear in their appearance, it causes them anxiety. The increase in the figure, the appearance of wrinkles and other changes for the worse very upset the weaker sex. Another reason may be alopecia in women. This is due to the fact that the hair is one of the attributes of a beautiful appearance. Regardless of their length and style of haircuts, they complement the female image and give a special appeal. Hair loss often becomes noticeable gradually, so their lack leads the ladies in horror.
It is necessary to know that alopecia is not an independent disease and is always associated with deeper disorders of the body. In order to return the hair, you need, in the first place, to treat the underlying pathology, which led to hair loss.
What is alopecia in women? In recent years, this problem worries more and more women. Why there is a tendency to its growth, while remains unknown. It is assumed that this is due to the increased influence of damaging environmental factors. Hair loss is denoted by the well-known term – alopecia.
In medical sources a synonym for this word is alopecia. As you know, the loss of a part of the hair occurs daily for all people, especially for women. Nevertheless, there is a certain norm. In a day a person can lose about 100 hairs that fall out during combing and during the day. If this rate is significantly exceeded, then it is worth thinking about the disease and being examined. Alopecia in women is one of the syndromes that is part of the common pathology, so it is very important to find out the reason why the hair began to fall out. First of all, it is necessary to exclude thyroid disease and anemia.
Types of alopecia in women. Treatment of alopecia in women in the first place should be directed to the elimination of the underlying cause, and then to hair restoration. To understand, because of what the given process has begun, it is necessary to establish a kind of baldness. Alopecia in women is different, this depends on the treatment of hair loss. In addition, depending on the type of baldness, it becomes easier to establish the cause of its appearance. To understand what kind of alopecia you need to fight, a specialist should determine how hair loss occurs buy propecia online. It depends on the nature of their loss (throughout the head, parts). There are 3 varieties of alopecia:
1. Diffuse alopecia in women is the most common form. Usually it is associated with such diseases as hyper- or hypothyroidism, anemia. In addition, hair loss on the entire surface of the head can occur as a result of radiation, harmful production, lack of vitamins, with constant entanglement and improper combing. Also, adverse effects are provided by hair dryers, irons, paint.
2. Focal alopecia in women is less common. In another way, it is called nest hair loss. Most often the shape of the foci is round or oval, their size may be different. The diameter of the “nests” is small at first, and then increases. The causes of focal alopecia are not fully understood, there is a correlation with autoimmune diseases, hormonal changes in the body during pregnancy, stress.
3. Androgenetic alopecia in women is another common form. This syndrome is more typical for men, however, more recently, more and more representatives of the weaker sex are struck.
What is characteristic of androgenic alopecia?
Treatment of alopecia in women ends more favorably than in men. Most often this concerns nested and diffuse alopecia. In these cases, the hair begins to grow immediately after the cause is eliminated, sometimes without special treatment (during pregnancy, stress).
A more severe form of alopecia is androgenic alopecia in women. Its distinctive feature is a slow progression, therefore, this type of hair loss is detected only at a late stage. At the beginning of the disease, the parting begins to thin out, then the balding zone expands and in the final stage reaches considerable dimensions. Hair on the back of the neck and on the sides with androgenetic alopecia usually remain in place. Complete baldness in women develops rarely, unlike men.
The mechanism of androgenic alopecia. Androgenetic alopecia has always been considered a male disease, since the mechanism of its development is covered by the influence of sex hormones. Testosterone is also available in women, but its normal effect on the body is not significant. With endocrine disorders, the male sex hormone is produced in large quantities and slows the growth of hair. Usually, in addition to baldness, women who have increased testosterone production are also concerned about other symptoms. These include: hirsutism (male-type haemorrhage), decreased libido, etc. Androgenic alopecia is hard to treat, as testosterone leads to atrophy of hair follicles.
Causes of baldness “according to the male type”. Androgenic alopecia is caused by hormonal failures. As a result of such rearrangements, more testosterone is produced, and estrogen, on the contrary, is less. The reasons may be: hereditary predisposition, a tumor of the adrenal cortex or brain. In addition, some physiological conditions, for example, pregnancy or menopause, also lead to male pattern baldness. Also, the reasons may be: irrational use of hormonal drugs and other medicines, stressful situations, improper nutrition (the predominance of products containing testosterone).
Approaches to the treatment of alopecia. In order to restore the old hair and eliminate the unfavorable factor, you need to contact a specialist as early as possible. Diseases of the hair are handled by a trichologist, in his absence, you can contact a dermatologist and an endocrinologist. To find out the cause of alopecia, it is necessary to undergo a qualitative examination. If hair began to fall out during pregnancy or because of stress, then most likely it will pass by itself. In these cases, you can wait with the diagnosis. Androgenic alopecia in women requires immediate examination. Treatment of this pathology should be aimed at eliminating the main cause – the effect of testosterone. Regardless of the form of baldness, it is necessary to exclude stress, adjust the diet, properly take care of the hair.
In order to stop hair loss, use drugs that have antiandrogenic effect. These include: “Cimetidine”, “Spironolactone”, “Cyproterone acetate”. In addition, to restore the hormonal background, women use medications containing estrogens (oral contraceptives). Photochemotherapy, cryomassage and ultraviolet radiation, rubbing of pepper tincture, aloe juice, etc. are also practiced. Only hair transplantation can help in advanced stages, so you should contact a specialist as early as possible.