Symptoms of Thyroid Disease in Women
Few people know that the thyroid gland, and in the common people - the thyroid gland, is the "queen" among all organs of the female endocrine system. The hormones that the thyroid gland produces actively participate in the processes of metabolism and body cell growth, accelerate the activity of the cardiovascular system, increase the use of fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
The thyroid gland is located in the anterior part of the neck under the larynx and has the shape of a butterfly, with its upper lobes high and narrow, and the lower ones, short and wide. The size of the gland is individual for each woman and it can vary due to the menstrual cycle.
Behind the thyroid gland are four small glands that produce a hormone that regulates the calcium and phosphorus in the body. Damage or removal of these glands leads to a decrease in calcium, the bones become thin and brittle.
The hypothalamus is responsible for the stable functioning of the thyroid gland. It gives the call sign of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, which generates and throws hormones of the thyroid gland into the blood - thyroid-stimulating hormones. Under the influence of these hormones, the thyroid gland grows in size and begins to actively develop its own hormones buy synthroid online.
The tissues of the thyroid gland are supplied with four thyroid arteries, through which blood flows through the gland and becomes saturated with hormones, and then, guided through the veins, transfers them to their intended purpose.
The thyroid gland is a storehouse of iodine in the body. It produces iodine-containing hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), which are responsible for the accumulation and use of energy in every cell of the body. In addition, it positively affects the processes of restoring damaged tissues and organs.
Disruption of the thyroid gland is associated with a shortage of iodine in the body. This can also be affected by low iodine content in soil, water and air. In these cases, doctors recommend changing their place of residence to another, with more favorable climatic conditions.
It is also necessary to know that the functions of the thyroid gland intensify in winter, and in the summer they decrease. Physical and mental work, outdoor activities increase the productive activity of the thyroid gland.
To break the balance of thyroid hormones can low-calorie diets. Feeling the lack of energy that the body receives with every meal, the thyroid begins to actively produce and store the hormone triiodothyronine (T3). This hormone begins to accumulate in the blood and imperceptibly for you to destroy the cells. As a rule, this affects the fibers of the heart muscle.
Symptoms of thyroid disease in women:
Violation of the menstrual cycle, infertility;
PMS with pronounced mood swings;
Depressed, passive, depressed;
Tingling at the tips of your fingers;
Edema of the face, lower limbs;
Dry skin, layered nails, dry split hair;
Low body temperature;
Pain in the muscles, joints.
If you notice the presence of these symptoms in yourself, immediately consult a doctor-endocrinologist. The skilled expert will appoint or nominate an ultrasonic research and analyzes on hormones. Do not be surprised if you are forced to take tests not only for thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland is inextricably linked with the adrenal and sex glands, so the doctor must see the entire hormonal picture.
Support the hormonal level of the thyroid gland in the norm will help rational nutrition. Try to eat only iodized salt, as well as iron-containing foods.
For the prevention of iodine deficiency, a balanced diet is recommended. So, the meat contains iodine - slightly less than the daily diet, and in marine fish significantly more than the daily rate. Therefore, doctors recommend alternating these foods with a diet. In addition, the menu must include cereals, vegetables and fruits.
Watch your emotions. Protect yourself from depressive, panic or hysterical conditions. On your emotional balance depends on the physical health of the whole organism.