According to statistics, menopause occurs in women at an average of 52 and a half years. However, it is not uncommon for menstruation to stop at 38-40 years. This phenomenon is called premature menopause, or an early menopause.
What are the causes of this disease? About this tells the candidate of medical sciences, a doctor of the highest category, gynecologist-endocrinologist. What could be the cause of early menopause?
Early menopause has many causes. Premature termination of menstruation in most women is tied to some kind of stress factor – the death of a relative, the loss of work, a serious operation. It can also be a consequence of genetically determined insufficient activity of the ovaries, infectious diseases during puberty, immunological diseases of the thyroid gland, complicated delivery, sepsis, severe surgical operations, trauma.
What problems do women face in early menopause? How does it affect their health? Once the menopause has come before the term, respectively, and all the negative aspects typical of menopause, also begin earlier buy premarin online. The structure of the skin changes, it becomes less elastic, less elastic, and hair and nails also change. A woman can begin to grow stout or vice versa, lose weight. Changing biochemical indicators of blood, which contributes to the development of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction. There are changes in the state of bone tissue: the process of reducing its density is accelerated.
What methods of treatment are used in such cases? Given the variety of changes in the body, the treatment of early menopause is a multidisciplinary problem and requires the involvement of different specialists – a neurologist, endocrinologist, cardiologist, traumatologist or others. However, the most effective method of treatment is hormone replacement therapy, when a woman is prescribed medications containing ovarian hormones that have lost the body. Hormone replacement therapy removes manifestations of climacteric syndrome: hot flashes, a feeling of heat, mood instability, and prevents all those metabolic disorders that are associated with menopause – atherosclerosis, osteoporosis, urogenital disorders.
Previously, such a woman was prescribed symptomatic therapy for each item, for each complaint, and as a result, a whole list of medicines was obtained. This list created additional stress for her.
With the help of hormone replacement therapy, the function is compensated, the violation of which led to all this set of problems. That is, the method does not treat the symptoms, but the damaged mechanism itself.
Today we can give women not synthesized preparations, but natural estrogens, which, being recognizable and easily digestible by the body, compensate for the lost function of the ovaries.
What can you say about the measures to prevent early menopause? But in fact it is inevitable? Relax and have fun! With regard to prevention, it should have started already with the period of bearing the child. All stressful external factors should be excluded, the way of life of the pregnant woman should be the most favorable.
We must try to ensure that the number of infectious diseases a girl has for a year of life is minimal. To do this, you need to temper the child, to feed him properly. It is very important to follow the regime, get up on time, go to bed, eat right. Extremely important is the period of puberty. During this period, there is intense work to establish a connection between the centers that regulate the function of the ovaries of a woman. Therefore, it is necessary to minimize the possibility of stress.
Stress is when a teenager, for example, is in a state of chronic fatigue, psychological tension from excessive stress.
What regimen should a woman observe during the early menopause?
The American Association of Gynecologists and Endocrinologists conducted studies that showed that for a sufficient prevention of bone disorders, a woman needs to have 30-40-minute loads four times a week. It can be swimming, jogging, aerobics. Very important in this period is a balanced diet.
In order to prevent atherosclerosis in the diet, fats of vegetable origin should predominate, and the recommended dose of calcium should not be less than one gram per day. Sufficient sleep, movement, proper nutrition – these words sound trite, but in fact all these recommendations should be fulfilled. This does not require the woman anything, except her own efforts.